May is a joyful time as warm weather hits the capital and we get a 5-day holiday for Labour Day, which also encompasses Youth Day and the seventh solar term. There isn’t much going on in terms of festivals and celebrations this month, but it’s not completely empty!
Read on to find out more about these special days!
Labour Day 劳动节 – May 1st
Labour Day (also known as May Day), a holiday celebrating the working class, was established by the Chinese government in 1949. During the 1950s and 1960s, Labour Day was considered one of the most important holidays in China. By the 1990s the holiday had morphed into a more laid-back one, and now people celebrate by relaxing, shopping and traveling. It was a Golden Week holiday until 2008 when it was decreased to a one-day holiday.
This year, Labour Day falls on a Friday, with the following Monday and Tuesday off too (albeit with make-up days on April 29th and May 9th). Although tourist sites won’t be as busy as normal this year, with some restrictions still in place and a general sense of caution, we’d still recommend avoiding popular places until after the holiday.
Youth Day 五四青年节 – May 4th
May 4th commemorates the beginning of the May 4th movement in China. On this day in 1919 students in Beijing began protesting against the Chinese government’s response to the Treaty of Versailles, particularly the decision to allow Japan to keep territories in Shandong that had been surrendered by Germany in 1914. After the protest spread to include working people nationwide, causing social and economic disruption, China refused to sign the treaty. The protests are seen as one of the contributing factors to the rise of communism in China.
Youth Day is now celebrated as part of the wider Labour Day holiday, and is time when many students do volunteer activities in their communities.
Lixia 立夏 – May 5th
Lixia is the 7th solar term out of the 24, and marks the beginning of summer. It begins when the sun reaches the celestial longitude of 45°. This holiday isn’t widely celebrated in China, but in some areas south of the Yangtze, people eat Lixia eggs on the first day, as traditionally it was believed that eating eggs in the summer would prevent health problems in children. These are boiled eggs (sometimes salted duck eggs), prepared the day before Lixia. Eggs are usually boiled in tea leaves and should be eaten while hot.
Children also paint eggs and put boiled eggs into colourful woven bags; they play tapping games with them, tapping their egg against another child’s egg until one breaks, the winner being the child with the unbroken egg.
How will you be spending your May holidays? Let us know in the comments below, or on Facebook, Instagram or LinkedIn. Have a question about anything Cultural Keys related? Use the contact form at the bottom of the page. However you choose to get in contact, we always love hearing from you!
– chinadaily.com.cn | zi.media | Cultural Keys
Are you interested in learning more about the traditional culture of China, and perhaps experiencing it for yourself? Since 2013, Cultural Keys Chinese Culture Centre has been helping people doing exactly that.
Through our provision of content, classes, information and services, Cultural Keys helps people access, understand and experience the traditional culture of China, from kung fu to calligraphy, feng shui to painting. Click here to read more about Cultural Keys and what we can do for you, your school, company or organisation to help you get more out of your time in China.
For more information about anything on this page, please contact us or use the form below to let us know your specific requirements. We look forward to hearing from you!